School Violence

Bonilla, Denise M. School Violence. New York: H. W. Wilson Co., 2000.

Congress, House, Committee on Government Reform, Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources, “School Violence: What Is Being Done to Combat School Violence? What Should Be Done?,” 116 th Cong., 1stsess., May 20, 1999.

Congress, Senate, “School Safety and Law Enforcement Improvement Act of 2007:Report Together with Supplemental Views” 110th Cong., 1st sess., 2007.

Egendorf, Laura K. Violence: Opposing Viewpoints. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2001.

Federal Bureau of Investigation. Columbine High School. GPO, 2003.

Grapes, Bryan J. School Violence. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2000.

Kilpatrick, William. Why Johnny Can't Tell Right From Wrong. New York : Simon & Schuster, 1992.

Kopka, Deborah L. School Violence: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 1997.

Newman, Katherine S. Rampage: The Social Roots of School Shootings. New York : Basic Books, 2004. 


Agger, Ben and Timothy W. Luke ed. There is a Gunman on Campus: Tragedy and Terror at Virginia Tech. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 2008.

Barbour, Scott. How Can School Violence Be Prevented?. Farmington Hills, Michigan: Greenhaven Press, 2005.

Bondu, R. H. Scheithauer. “School Shootings in Germany: Current Trends in the Prevention of Severe, Targeted Violence in German Schools.” Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie 58:9 (2009): 685-701.

Bonilla, Denise M. ed. School Violence. (New York: H. W. Wilson), 2000.

Borum, Randy, Dewey Cornell, William Modzeleski, et al. Educational Researcher: A Publication of the American Educational Research Association. 39:1 (January 2000): 27-38.

Brion-Meiseis, Linda, Steven Brion-Meiseis, and Catherine Hoffman.  “Symposium--Voices for Peace: Educators Respond to the Virginia Tech Shootings- Creating and Sustaining Peaceable School Communities.” Harvard Educational Review 77:4 (2007): 374-379.

Burns, Ronald and Charles Crawford. “School Shootings, The media, and Public Fear: Ingredients for a Moral Panic.”  Crime, Law and Social Change 32:2 (1999): 147-168.

Chamber, Janice Someville. “Horror in the Halls.” The Rotarian/ 174, 3 (March 1, 1999):18.

Charles, Laurie L. When the Shooting Stopped: Crisis Negotiation at Jefferson High School. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2008.

Christensen, Wendy. “Rampage: The Social Roots of School Shootings.” Qualitative Sociology. 28:3 (2005): 315-319.

Chry, Hsiang Iris and Maxwell McCombs. “Media  Frames- Media Salience and the Process of Framing: Coverage of the Columbine School Shootings.” Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly. 81:1 (2004): 22-36.

Congress, House, Committee on Education and Labor, Best practices for making college campuses safe, 110th Cong., 1st sess., 2007.  

Congress, House, subcommittee on Postsecondary Education, Training, and Life-Long learning of the Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities, Hearing on campus crime and H. R. 2416, to amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to require open campus security crime logs at institutions of higher learning, 104th Cong., 2nd sess., 1996. 

Congress, House, subcommittee on Postsecondary education, training, and life-long learning of the committee on education and the workforce,  The Higher Education Amendment of 1998, campus crime, and regulatory reform, 105th Cong, 1st sess., 1997.

Congress, Senate, hearing before the committee on the Judiciary, Campus crimes: compliance with enforcement under the Clery Act, 109th Cong., 2nd sess., 2006.

Congress, Senate, Security on Campus: Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations 105th Cong., 2nd Sess., Special Hearing.

Cullen, David. Columbine. New York: Twelve, 2009.

Darden, E. C. “Safe From Harm: In the Wake of Several School Shootings, a Get-Touph Stance is Tempting, but Compassion and Conversations are Just As Important.”  The American School Board Journal. 193:12 (2006): 53-54.

Dillon, N. “A Measured Approach: After a Series of Deadly Shootings, Experts Urge School to Take Thoughtful Steps to Ensure Safety.” The American School Board Journal. 19:12 (2006): 26-27.

Donohue, Elizabeth, Vincent Schiraldi and Jason Ziedenberg. “School House Hype: School Shootings and the Real Risks Kids Face in America-It Could Happen Anywhere? Here Are the Facts” The Education Digest 64:6 (1999):4-11.

Dority, Barbara. “The Columbine Tragedy: Countering the Hysteria” The Humanist. 59:4 ( July 1, 1999):7.

Easterbrook, M. “Taking Aim at Violence: In the Wake of Recent Deadly School Shootings, Educators Across the Nation have been Taking Drastic Actions to Increase Student Safety. But Will Their Efforts Prevent more Trouble- or Promote It?” Psychology Today. 32:4 (1999):52

Egendorf, Laura K. School Shootings. San Diego, California: Greenhaven Press, 2002.

Fast, Jonathan. Ceremonial Violence: A Psychological Explanation of School Shootings. Woodstock, New York: Overlook Press, 2008.

Fein, Albert H. There and Back Again: School Shootings as Experienced by School Leaders. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2003.

Foster, Lynn. “School Shootings and the Over-Reliance Upon Age in Choosing Criminal or Juvenile Court.” Vermont Law Review 24:2 (Winter 2000): 537.

Fox, C. and D. Harding. “School Shootings as Organizational Deviance.” In Peace Research Abstracts Journal 42:5 (2005).

Hancock, Lynnell. “Voices- Crimea: A Context for School Shootings.” Columbia Journalism Review 40:1 (2001): 76-78.

Harding, David J., Cybelle Fox, and Jal D. Mehta. “Studying Rare Events Through Qualitative Case Studies: Lessons From a Study of Rampage School Shootings.” SMR/Sociological Methods & Research 31:2 (2002): 174-217.

Hawkins, Nikki, Daniel McIntosh, Roxane Cohen Silver, et al.. “Early Responses to School Violence: A Qualitative Analysis of Students and Parents’ Immediate Reactions to the Shootings at Columbine High School.” Journal of Emotional Abuse 4:3-4 (2004): 97-223.

Holmes, Ronald M. and Stephen T. Holmes. “Operations.” Law and Order 47:6 (June 1, 1999): 109.

Hunnicut, Susan ed.. School Shootings. Farmington Hills, Michigan: Greenhaven Press/ Thomson Gale, 2006.

“Is Violence Declining?”  The CQ Researcher 10:9 (March 10, 2000): 198.

Jessie, Klein. “Sexuality and School Shootings: What Role Does Teasing Play in School Massacres?” Journal of Homosexuality 51:4 (2006): 39-62.

Kaiser, David. “School Shootings, High School Size, and Neurobiological Considerations.” In Journal of Neurotherapy 9:3 (2005): 103-117.

Karjane, Heather M., Bonnie S. Fisher, and Francis T. Cullen. Sexual Assault on  Campus: What Colleges and Universities are Doing About It.  U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice, (GPO), 2005.

Kellner, Douglas. Guys and Guns Amok: Domestic Terrorism and School Shootings from the Oklahoma City Bombing to the Virginia Tech Massacre. Boulder, Colorado: Paradigm Publishers, 2008.

Kimmel, Michael and Matthew Mahler. “Adolescent Masculitity, Homophobia, and Violence: Random School Shootings, 1982-2001” Violence and Abuse Abstracts 9:4 (2003).

Klein, J. “America Is From Mars, Europe Is From Venus: How the United States Can Learn From Europe’s Social Work Response to School Shootings” School Social Work Journal. 30:1 (2005): 1-24.

Langman, Peter F. Why Kids Kill: Inside the Minds of School Shooters. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Lawrence, Richard and David Mueller. “School Shootings and the Man-Bites-Dog Criterion of Newsworthiness.” Violence and Abuse Abstracts 10:2 (2004).

Lazenby, Roland ed. April 16th: Virginia Tech Remembers.(New York: Plume, 2007.

Lebrun, Marcel. Books, Blackboards, and Bullets: School Shootings and Violence in America. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Education, 2009.

Leary, Mark R., Robin M. Kowalski, Laura Smith, et al. “Teasing, Rejection, and Violence: Case Studies of School Shootings.” Aggressive Behavior. 29:3 (2003): 202-215.

Leavy, Patricia and Kathryn Maloney. “American Reporting of School Violence and ‘People Like Us’: A Comparison of Newspaper Coverage of the Columbine and Red Lake School Shootings.” Critical Sociology 35:2 (2009): 273-292.

Lichel, Brian, Toni Schmader, and David L. Hamilton. “A Case of Collective Responsibility: Who Else Was To Blame for the Columbine High School Shootings?” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29:2 (2003): 194-204.

Logue, James N. “Violent Death in American Schools in the 21st Century: Reflection Following the 2006 Amish School Shootings.” The Journal of School Health, 78:1 (2008): 58-61.

Merritt, Rob. No Easy Answers: Behind the Deaths at Columbine. (New York: Lantern Books, 2002).

“Moments ‘98” U.S. News and World Report 125:25 (December 28, 1998): 78.

Moore, Michael, Bowling for Columbine. Santa Monica, California : MGM Home Entertainment, 2003, film.

Morgan, Ernest. “School Shootings- A Symptom”  The Humanist. 59:5 (September 1, 1999):4

Murray, Wendy. Day of Reckoning: Columbine and the Search for America’s Soul. Green Rapids, Michigan, 2000.

Muschert, Glenn W. and Dawn Carr. “Framesetting and Frame Changing- Media Salience and Frame Changing Across Events: Coverage of Nine School Shootings, 1997-2001” Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 83:4 (2006): 747-767.

“National Evaluation of Grants to Combat Violent Crimes Against Women on Campuses: Application deadline July 5, 2000. (Washington D. c. : U. S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice), 2000.

Newman, Katherine S. Rampage: The Social Roots of School Shootings. (New York: Basic Books, 2004).

O’Meara, Kelly Patricia. “The Doped Generation.” Insight 15:24 (June 28, 1999):10.

“Opinion, Dialogue, Review: Childhood is Killing ‘Our’ Children: Some Thoughts on the Columbine High School Shootings and the Agentive Child.” Childhood 7:1 (2000): 107-117.

Philip, Mongan, Schnavia Smith Hatcher, and Tina Maschi. “Etiology of School Shootings: Utilizing a Purposive, Non-Impulsive Model for Social Work Practice.” In Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 19:5 (2009): 635-645.

Pilla, Thomas V. “Fair and Open Environment?: Bigotry and Violence on College Campuses in California” to the California Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights. (Washington D. c.: The Commission), 1991.

Roy, Lucinda. No Right To Remain Silent: The Tragedy at Virginia Tech. New York: Harmony Books, 2009.

Shafii, Mohammad and Sharon Lee Shafii ed. School Violence: Assessment, Management, Prevention. Washington D.C.: American Psychiatric Press, 2001.

Stambaugh, Hollis. Northern Illinois University shooting: DeKalb, Illinois, February 14, 2008. Technical Report Series: United States Fire Administration 167. (Emmitsburd, Maryland: FEMA, Department of Homeland Security, U. S. Fire Administration, National Fire Data Center), 2008.

Stein, Andi. “We Thought It Could Never Happen Here The Crisis of Communications Response to the Thurston High School Shootings.” Journal of Promotion Management. 12:3-4 (2006): 99-128.

Steyn, Mark. “Virtual Violence- What Causes American School Shootings (Not Lax Gun Laws).” The Spectator. May 30, 1998, 14-16.

Thompson, Stephen. “Understanding Mass School Shootings: Links between Personhood and Power in the Competitive School Environment.” In Journal of Primary Prevention. 26:5 (2005): 419-438.

“Washington Update” Black Issues in Higher Education 16:10 (July 8, 1999): 9.

Webber, Julie A. Failure to Hold: The Politics of School Violence. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003.

Wike, Traci L. and Mark W. Fraser. “School Shootings: Making Sense of the Senseless.” Aggression and Violent Behavior, 14:3 (2009):162-169.

Wise, Tim. “School Shootings and White Denial.” Multicultural Perspectives 3:4 (2001): 3-4

 “The Wrong Answer to a Serious Problem: A Story of School Shootings, Politics and Automatic Transfer.” Loyola University of Chicago Law Journal 31:2 (Winter 2000): 281.

Verlinden, Stephanie, Michel Hersen, Thomas Jay. “Risk Factors in School Shootings.” Clinic Psychology Review. 20:1 (2000):3-58.

“Your Letter” ‘Teen 44:1 (January 1, 2000):12.

Mental Illness

Bolton, Derek. What is Mental Disorder?: An Essay in Philosophy, Science, and Vales. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Goldberg, David P. and Peter Huxley. Mental Illness in the Community: The Pathway to Psychiatric Care. New York: Tavistock Publications, 1980. 

Haslam, Robert H. A. and Peter J. Valletutti. Medical Problems in the Classroom: The Teacher’s Role in Diagnosis and Management. Austin: Pro-Ed, 2004. 

Horwitz, Allan V. The Social Control of Mental Illness. New York: Academic Press, 1982. 

Mowrer, Orval Hobart ed. Morality and Mental Health. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1967. 

Plante, Thomas G. ed. Mental Disorders of the New Millennium. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 2006. 

Townsend, John Marshall. Cultural Conceptions and Mental Illness: A Comparison of Germany and America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978. 

Wolfe, David A. and Eric J. Mash ed. Behavioral and Emotional Disorders in Adolescents: Nature, Assessment, and Treatment. New York: Guilford Press, 2006.